Sunday, April 10, 2011
Saturday, February 19, 2011
Монгол Улсын Зэвсэгт Хүчин
Mongol Ulsiin Zevsegt Hüchin'
Flag of Mongolia
Service branches Mongolian general purpose force
Mongolian border defense force
Mongolian internal security force
Commander in Chief Elbegdorj Tsakhia
Minister for Defense Luvsanvandan Bold
Chief of General Staff Byambajav
Military age 18
military service 736,182 males, age 15–49 (2005 est.),
734,679 females, age 15–49 (2005 est.)
military service 570,435 males, age 15–49 (2005 est.),
607,918 females, age 15–49 (2005 est.)
age annually 34,674 males (2005 est.),
34,251 females (2005 est.)
Active personnel by branches : general purpose force-7000,
border defense force-6500, internal security and police force-15000
Budget $23.1 million (FY02)
Percent of GDP 2.2%
Foreign suppliers Russia
Mongol Empire Army
Royal Mongolian Army
Mongolian People's Army
Now Mongolian armed force helping in Afganistan , Iraq , Sierra leone , West Sahara , Libya and Chad.
Mongolian armed force in Iraq Camp Charlie
Mongolian soldier Sergeant G.Azzaya Mongolian sniper rescued the Polish camp in Iraq
Mongolian armed force training Afganistan soldiers
MONGOLIAN ARMY in AFGHANISTAN
Friday, February 18, 2011
Tuesday, February 15, 2011
Tuesday, December 7, 2010
Capital city of Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, is the single hub for trips to any destinations within Mongolia. The city hosts the only international airport of the country and the single international rail line - the Trans Siberian railway goes across the city from the north to the south. Ulaanbaatar, where 1.4 million people out of Mongolia's 3.1 million population, is the country's economic, cultural and political center and has a number of tourist attractions and hosts the most varied types of entertainment.
Ulaanbaatar is located on the bank of the Tuul River and surrounded by four sacred mountains with dense pine forests on the northern slopes and grassy steppes on the south.
Mostly described, as sunny, peaceful and open, Ulaanbaatar is a city of contrast where modern life comfortably blends with Mongolian traditional lifestyle. Wide streets are flocked by modern cars, while horsemen and cattle are still common scene. Though modern style buildings characterize the city center, visitors arriving either from the Buyant-Uhaa airport or by train to the main railway would not fail to notice thousands of traditional Mongolian "Gers" in the vicinity, an area referred to by locals as "ger district".
Sükhbaatar Square (Сүхбаатарын талбай, pronounced Sükhbaatariin Talbai) is the central square of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. It is named after and features a statue of Damdin Sükhbaatar, leader of Mongolia's 1921 revolution. It is located right in front of the Saaral Ordon. The newspaper "Izvestiya Ulanbator khoto" reported on July 15, 1925 that "in line with Mongolian tradition the fourth anniversary of the People's Revolution was celebrated with rallies at the square dedicated to D.Sukhbaatar".
Sükh-baatar means Red Hero in Mongolian.
This is the place where many Mongolians love to come to relax. Sometimes, you can also see a live concert here.
Gandan Monastery Gandan is the largest and most significant monastery in Mongolia and one of Ulaanbaatar 's most interesting sights. Built in the mid 19th century, it is the only monastery where Buddhist services continued to function even during the communist past. Temples are flocked by visitors during religious services that start at 10 a.m. and last until mid day.
The Migjid Janraisig Temple is an important part of Gandan Monastery. The temple houses the majestic new gilded statue of Migjid Janraisig, decorated with jewels. This 26 meter high 20 ton statue is a copy of another statue that was destroyed in the 1920's by communists. The statue was built with donations of Mongolian people as symbol of Buddhist revival in the mid 1990's.
Natural History Museum This is one of the oldest museums which was founded in 1924 as the National Central Museum. In 1956 it was renamed the State Central Museum and in 1997 it became the Museum of Natural History, Today there are departments of Geography, Geology, Flora and Fauna, and Paleontology in the museum. Displays of stuffed and embalmed animals including the rare Gobi bear and wild camel, birds and fish will give you a good idea about the rich fauna of Mongolia . Most impressive is the Paleontology section. There are petrified eggs and bones of many dinosaurs that lived in the Gobi desert 60-70 million years ago and two complete skeletons of the flesh-eating giant Tarbosaurus and ihe duck-billed Saurolophus. Petrified bones of 5 kinds of dinosaurs out of 7 that are known today have been discovered in Mongolia. The museum also has samples of various minerals that are found in the country.
Museum of National History Set up recently, the museum occupies the building of the former Museum of Revolution . The museum offers the richest collection on the history of Mongolia , from Stone Age to modern times. It allows retrospect the unique culture of the horse riding steppe nomads and their lifestyle. The exhibition contains many artifacts and arts, military equipment and arms of Genghis Khan Warriors. Outside the museum, the large modern sculpture is a memorial for the victims of the 1930s political repression. Also collection included Traditional Mongolian customs & jewelers.
Open at 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Thursday-Sunday, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Monday and Tuesday. Closed on Wednesday.
The Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum The Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum is a full collection of art works by artists, sculptors and painters of Mongolia all generation from the ancient era to the modern time. The museum houses a number of rock inscriptions, graphic arts, Buddhist tankas, embroideries, unique Tsam dancing costumes. The most valuable and beautiful exhibits include works of Zanabazar, the great sculptor and artist of the 17th century, who is also the first theocratic ruler of Mongolia.
The museum, facing the taxi stand on Khudaldaany Gudamj, is open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Bogd Khan Palace Museum Bogd Khan, born 1869, a son of Gonchigtseren, Tibet's treasurer of His Holiness the Dalai Lama in Lhasa. He was announced as a reincarnation of Mongolian Bogd Jebtsundamba Khutugtu, the spiritual leader of Mongolia's Tibetan Buddhism and officially welcomed as religious leader in Mongolia 1874. Jebtsundamba VIII uas crowned as the Bogd Khan (emperor) and outright religious and political leader of Mongolia, from 1911 to 1921. Mongols crowned him as Bogd Khan of Mongolia in 1911 because no other nominee could gain such wide and public support that time. He was wealthy with many followers and although he was born a Tibetan, he devoted himself to Mongolia. After the final expulsion of the Chinese from Mongolia in 1921 he assumed the title Bogd Khan and ruled as the nominal head of a theocracy much like the one that existed in Tibet under the Dalai Lamas until his death at the age of 55 in 1924. After his death, the Mongolian government declared there was no more reincarnations found and established the Mongolian People's Republic. In 1925, many of the Bogd Khan’s personal possessions were auctioned off at a sale organized by Choibalsan, the future dictator of communist Mongolia, and the following year his Winter Palace was turned into a museum.
Zaisan Hill The Zaisan Memorial (Mongolian: Зайсан) is a memorial south of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar that honors Soviet soldiers killed in World War II. Located on a hill south of the city, the memorial features a circular memorial painting that depicts scenes of friendship between the peoples of the USSR and Mongolia. The mural depicts scenes such as Soviet support for Mongolia's independence declaration in 1921, the defeat of the Japanese Kwantung Army by the Soviets at Khalhkin Gol on the Mongolian border in 1939, victory over Nazi Germany and peacetime achievements such as Soviet space flights.After driving to the uppermost parking lot on the hill, visitors must make a climb of three hundred steps before reaching the monument and mural. Those who make the climb are rewarded with a panoramic view of the entire city of Ulaanbaatar in the valley below, as well as the Tuul River flowing past the city.In 2003, a tank memorial, which previously had been located on a crossroads between Zaisan and the city center, was moved to the foot of the hill. It features a Soviet tank from a brigade paid for by the Mongolian people. The tank memorial includes a map showing the route the brigade took from Moscow in 1943 to its participation in the fall of Berlin in 1945.
Zaisan is a popular meeting point for school outings and graduation festivities.
Travel to Mongolia Commercial
Mongols do like to wear nice, richly decorated clothes which compensate the simple, ascetic nomadic lifestyle. A harsh climate and uneasy life demand attention to ýõó smallest details of clothes.
The nomads' wardrobe is compact but has many variations able to serve for different purposes. "It is amazing how this nation invented clothes that can fit all seasons and needs, well thought off and used in many different ways," wrote Medieval travelers from Europe.
In general, Mongolian clothes follow the principle "What I have, do bear along."
Sudden changes of weather with temperatures fluctuating up to 20 degrees, sudden snow or sand storms make nomads to be always ready in any situation.
When a nomadic herder takes his sheep flock to pastures, he carry along everything needed to survive.
However, this does not necessarily mean big bags as riding a horse and tending animals requires freedom of movements, and clothes are designed in a such way as to allow freedom.
A universal deel
Deel or a long textile gown forms the basis of almost all Mongolian clothes. Beside being a main cloth, it can serve as a blanket, tent and cover against unwanted glances. Depending on weather or work needs, other pieces such as jacket or coat can supplement the deel.
Deel protects perfectly against cold and winds. If necessary, its long sleeves are rolled down to serve as gloves. Wide sash, made of several meters long textile, serves as a corset protecting against severe shaking during a fast horse ride. It also serves as a hanger to which a knife, firestone, cup and other accessories can be attached.
A pocket formed by deel above the sash, makes an ideal place for keeping small items. In the nomadic culture, special attention was given to the quality of clothes and its tidiness since a missing button, undone seam or loose knot could have cost one's life during a sudden snow storm or fast horse ride.
There were over 100 types of hats, different in shape and purpose - for young and old, men and woman, fashionable and everyday hats. For summer and winter, holiday and ceremonies.
Regular hats like "louz" can serve for all occasions. In winter the hat edges can be lowered and protect against wind or cold. On warmer days sides are rolled up and tied on back side.
Hats are very functional, but also make the main piece of the clothes. Each hat was richly embroidered with silk, velvet, ornaments, furs and even precious stones. Often long tassels and red strips streaming in wind would make the owner look very stylish.
That is why an expression "red tasseled Mongols" was often used. The hats embroidery and ornaments would also indicate the social status and even age of its owner.
It is advisable to keep one's hat on when entering gher, a traditional nomadic dwelling. The rules of etiquette forbade to greet or meet anybody bareheaded. In the olden days neither a man, nor woman was allowed to go into the street or enter someone's house without wearing a hat.
In old times it was considered to be a humiliating punishment if the "zangia" - a round shaped knot decoration crownøèà the hat, was torn off. To tread or step over it is considered to be insult to the owner.
Greeting another person or wishing goodwill is always done with one's hat on as a sign of respect. Such a traditional importance attached to headdresses in the past is still carries on.
Mongolian boots, known as "gutul" fit ideally horse riding. They are spacious enough and the slightly uplifted boots forward end prevents from being caught in stirrups, in case rider falls off.
Stiff and high bootlegs protect when walking in summer high grass and winter snow. The upped nose leaves enough air space to prevent from getting cold in winter.
Traditional boots are usually worn with a felt sock made according to boots shape. The upper part of the socks coming out of the boots are usually embroidered with silk, leather, various ornaments and applications.
There are other types of boots used for different seasons and purposes. Normal high heeled soft boots, called boitog, are used mostly for hunting or long walking trips. In winter a fur cover called degtii is put over boots. The boots heels can be soft and hard, low or high depending on the nature of their use.
Boots are made of the skin of cattle or in special cases, skin of such wild animals as deer, wild goat or sheep. Though shoe making is a long and tedious process, traditionally it was female duty to make them.
With the strong European cultural influence over the last seven decades, the traditional Mongolian clothes have become more simple and modern Mongolian women do not need the artistry of their grandmothers.
A full women costume can be seen now only in museums, art exhibition of grandmother's trunk.
Traditional woman costume is very bright and lavishly decorated. Especially exotic was the married woman's hair dress resembling wild sheep horns or wings.
Though there is a legend saying that this headdress reminds about a woman who looks like bird with two wings protecting the hearth, it had rather an aesthetic meaning and eventually was replaced with a wig.
Mongolian women traditionally have had long hairs. To maintain and decorate elaborate hair- do, women used many types of golden and silver hair-pins and slides, often precious stones.
Festive clothes look specially decorative using combinations of such contrast colors as red and green. With the time a silk sash was changed into a leather one.
A long silken or just an ornamented jacket was put over deel, a traditional clothe. On cold days, there was a jersey available. Women form noble families wore light capote or coat.
Women cloth can not go without a head dress, lavishly embroidered with gold and silver threads, corals and pearls. Other jewelry accessories made of silver and precious stones were also worn. Long earrings with many details completed the head dress decorated with strips.
A full costume won't be complete without a small bag with aromas, cuspidor (spittoon) and small items for treating hands and skin. Many women also used small, lavishly decorated boxes for sniff tobacco.
Girls and young women wore more modest clothes than married ones. Their deel was of less contrasting colors, more soft and fine.
Head dress consisted of round, cup shaped hat decorated with a red ball from which a long lace hang.
Red laces combined with softly shining pearls and silver jewelry were used to attract attention of passing man, while long deel tightly tied on waist, stressed the slender waist.
So exotic and colorful are Mongolian clothes that French artists working on the latest episode of the Star Wars could not resist but to adopt a full dress of a Mongolian woman for Queen Amadala.
Chinggis khan Rules Mongolia Again, in a P.R. Campaign
“Chinggis khan statue complex” is located 54 km from Ulaanbaatar among beautiful natural scenery on the bank of river Tuul, in the place called “Tsonjin Boldog”, memorial place connected with historic events. It’s one of the biggest advantages of the project, if comparing the location of other historical sightseeing, places, located not less than 300 miles rough drive.
Monday, December 6, 2010
|Anthem: "Монгол улсын төрийн дуулал" |
National anthem of Mongolia
(and largest city)
|Ulan Bator |
|-||Prime Minister||Sükhbaataryn Batbold|
|-||Formation of the Mongol Empire||1206|
|-||Independence declared (from Qing Dynasty)||December 29, 1911|
|-||Total||1,564,115.75 km2 (19th) |
603,909 sq mi
|-||December 2009 estimate||2,736,800 (140th)|
|-||Density||1.75/km2 (236th) |
|GDP (PPP)||2009 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2009 estimate|
|Gini (2002)||32.8 (medium)|
|HDI (2010)||0.622 (medium) (100th)|
|Currency||Tögrög ( |
|Time zone||(UTC+7 to +8)|
|Date formats||yyyy.mm.dd (CE)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||MN|
Thursday, September 2, 2010
Also known as Baby(ies) and Bébé(s), is a 2010 French documentary film by Thomas Balmès that follows four infants from birth to when they are one year old. The babies featured in the film are two from rural areas: Ponijao from Opuwo, Namibia, and Bayar from Bayanchandmani, Mongolia, as well as two from urban areas: Mari from Tokyo, Japan, and Hattie from San Francisco, USA
Ингээд та бүхэндээ хүүхдүүд буюу babies киног DVD rip ээр татахаар медиафайр дээр хийлээ. Дууги Гого дээр хийж болохгүй байна гэхдээ 4 хэсэг бүгдийг нь татаж аваад задлаарай. Гэхдээ бусад сайтнаас аваагүй
Download : DVD
Media fire part 1
Media fire part 2
Media fire part 3
Media fire part 4
Thursday, May 27, 2010